The suspect in a deadly knife attack in central Paris on Saturday evening was born in 1997 in the Russian republic of Chechnya, a judicial source says.
He was also on a watch list of people who could pose a threat to national security, other sources said.
The attacker killed a 29-year-old man and wounded four other people in the busy Opéra district before being shot dead by police.
The Islamic State (IS) group said it was behind the attack.
French President Emmanuel Macron tweeted (in French): “France has once again paid in blood, but will not give an inch to the enemies of freedom.”
France has been on high alert following a series of attacks. More than 230 people have been killed by IS-inspired jihadists in the past three years.
What do we know about the attacker?
Security forces have identified him, although he was not carrying any identification papers and has not been officially named.
The judicial source told French media the suspect had no criminal record and that his parents had been held for questioning. He is believed to be a French national.
The man had been categorised as “fiche S”, sources said.
This flags people considered to be a possible threat to national security (the S stands for Sûreté de l’État – state security) and allows for surveillance without being a cause for arrest.
It includes those suspected of Islamist radicalisation, but is wide-ranging and covers such groups as political extremists, gangsters and even football hooligans.
This would be the first time an assailant of Chechen origin has carried out a terrorist attack in France.
France is home to some 30,000 people of Chechen origin.
Who are the victims?
Interior Minister Gérard Collomb said the man who died was a 29-year-old passer-by, but gave no further details.
The four who were injured have also not yet been named. AFP news agency, citing sources, said a 34-year-old man and a 54-year-old woman were seriously hurt, while a 26-year-old woman and a 31-year-old man were slightly wounded.
Mr Collomb said none had life-threatening injuries.
How did the events unfold?
The attacker began stabbing passers-by at about 21:00 local time (19:00 GMT).
Eyewitnesses described him as a young man with brown hair and a beard, dressed in black tracksuit trousers.
He shouted “Allahu Akbar” (God is greatest) during the attack, witnesses said.
The man tried to enter several bars and restaurants but was blocked by people inside.
Police first tried to stop the assailant with a stun-gun before shooting him dead, nine minutes after he began the attack.
Jonathan, a waiter at a local restaurant, told AFP: “I saw him with a knife in his hand. He looked crazy.”
He said a woman, stabbed by the attacker, ran into into the restaurant bleeding. The assailant tried to follow her inside, but was fended off and finally fled.
Two of the wounded in the attack are in a serious condition but do not have life-threatening injuries.
Later the IS group said it was behind the attack, in a brief statement posted on its news outlet.
How are IS and Chechnya linked?
Chechnya is a republic in the North Caucasus region of southern Russia.
The republic declared independence in 1991 but Russian troops invaded in 1994 to quash it, sparking a decade-long conflict.
Jihadist groups, including those aligned with IS, have long operated in the region.
The brothers behind the Boston Marathon bombing in 2013, Tamerlan and Dzhokhar Tsarnaev, had Chechen links and Turkish authorities said a Chechen jihadist was the suspected organiser of an attack on Istanbul airport in 2016 that killed 45 people.
The jihadist, Akhmed Chatayev, a member of IS, was killed in a clash with special forces in the Georgian capital Tbilisi in 2017.
IS has actively recruited fighters in Chechnya, sending hundreds to conflicts in Syria and elsewhere.
A report from the BBC’s Sarah Rainsford in 2016 spoke of the fear that the fighters would return to carry out terrorist attacks at home.
Strongman Ramzan Kadyrov, who was nominated for the Chechen presidency by Russian President Vladimir Putin in 2007 and is now firmly in control, has tried to halt IS recruitment but human rights activists say his measures have been brutal and have often helped radicalisation.